Home Health Vertigo: Its reasons, symptoms, and treatments to consider

Vertigo: Its reasons, symptoms, and treatments to consider

by Soft2share.com

Vertigo is a dizzy sensation that occurs in the absence of accompanying movement. It is triggered when your senses inform your brain that your body is out of balance, although it is not. Vertigo is a symptom, not a diagnosis in and of itself. A variety of factors may cause it.

This sensation may be invisible, or it could be so strong that you struggle to maintain your equilibrium and do daily activities. If it persists, then you must opt to visit a vertigo clinic in Calgary for effective treatment.

Vertigo attacks may occur abruptly and last just a few seconds, or they can last considerably longer. If you suffer from severe vertigo, your sensations may be persistent and last many days, making daily living very difficult.

Other symptoms of vertigo include:

• Feeling nauseous or being sick

• Dizziness

• Lack of balance – which can make standing or walk difficult

Why does Vertigo happen?

Vertigo is most often caused by an issue with the system the inner ear balances, although abnormalities may also cause it in specific brain areas.

Causes of vertigo may include:

  • Labyrinthitis – an inflammation of the inner ear
  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – specific head movements trigger vertigo migraines. – excruciating headaches
  • Vestibular neuronitis- is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve, which goes into the inner ear and transmits balance-related signals to the brain.

Depending on the cause of vertigo, additional symptoms may include fever, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), and hearing loss.

Vertigo Treatment

Certain types of vertigo improve on their own over time. However, some individuals, such as those with Ménière’s illness, have recurrent bouts over months or even years.

Certain types of vertigo have different treatments. BPPV is treated with a series of simple head motions dubbed the Epley technique.

Prochlorperazine and certain antihistamine may be helpful in the early phases or usually with vertigo.

Numerous people who suffer from vertigo also gain from vestibular rehabilitation training (VRT), a set of exercises designed for those who experience dizziness or balance issues.

Risks of having a vertigo

Head traumas could cause vertigo. If the ear is infected, the vestibular nerve might be affected, resulting in labyrinthitis. Aspirin and other medicines, as well as certain anti seizure treatments, may contribute to vertigo. Drinking alcohol, for certain people, can produce dizziness.

Stroke risk increases with poorly controlled hypertension, diabetes, and smoking. Around 2%–3% of the population is at risk of having BPPV; older women appear to have a slightly increased risk.

How do medical professionals diagnose vertigo?

Typically, during a vertigo assessment, the health care provider may ask questions to get a history of the events and sensations that precipitated vertigo. This covers medicines consumed, including those purchased over the counter, recent illnesses, and previous medical issues. Even apparently unrelated issues may offer insight into vertigo’s underlying etiology.

After gathering information about the patient’s history, a medical practitioner conducts a physical examination. This often entails a comprehensive neurologic examination to assess brain function and establish if a central or periphery source causes vertigo.

Patients who have certain nystagmus (abnormal eye movements) or incoordination (bad coordination) might assist in determining the source of the problem. Then, a physician administers the Dix-Hallpike test to attempt to recreate the sensation of vertigo. During this exam, the patient’s head will be quickly moved, and the symptoms that may occur will be monitored.

Treating Vertigo

Particle repositioning motions are one of the most effective therapies for peripheral vertigo. The Epley maneuver or reposition technique is the most well-known of these therapies.

During this dizziness treatment in Calgary, the therapists will check for head movements resulting in the change of the inner ear’s loose crystals (canaliths). These crystals may be repositioned to produce less discomfort to the inner ear, thus resolving symptoms. Due to the potential for exacerbating vertigo, these motions should be performed by a qualified health care practitioner or physical therapist.

Brandt-Daroff exercises may aid in the relief of positional vertigo symptoms. This is accomplished by rapidly laying flat from a sitting posture, first with your head angled away from the vertigo-causing side. This should be done many times daily for maximum benefit.  

These exercises can benefit anyone who struggles with vertigo, dizziness, concentration, or balance. Although few of the exercises are very difficult and most will become easier with time, commitment and drive are required to achieve benefits. Since each situation is unique, a physiotherapist will need to assess the patient’s condition and prescribe the necessary exercises. Several of these may and will need to be performed independently, but only under the supervision of a therapist. Inappropriate workouts may worsen the condition, and there is a danger of injury, particularly for individuals who struggle with balance.


While various therapeutic options for vertigo are available, few are successful. When many vertigo episodes heal naturally within a few days, this may lead people to believe that one of their home remedies has helped them.

According to the procedure (as described above), patients undergoing vestibular rehabilitation should engage in the exercise routine (Brandt-Daroff exercises, with the other routines indicated above) regularly. This procedure is likely to lead to substantial improvements in vertigo.

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